How to change gears on a road bike

How to change gears on a road bike

This is an in-depth guide to changing gears on a road bike.Road bike switches can be challenging at first, but this guide will walk you through the process of using Shimano, SRAM, and Campagnolo drop-bar shifters.

On road bikes, the converters and brakes are typically combined into one unit. There are a few small differences, but this is the most basic pattern on modern drop-bar bikes. They are also known as “brifters” at times.

Flat-bar shifters are used on the best road bikes. While they are fairly simple, different designs exist, so we’ve provided instructions for the two most common: thumb shifters and grip shifters.

How to change gears on a road bike?

You can shift gears on your road bike while riding on the balaclavas (with your hands on the top of the shifters, which will be your most-used position) or from the falls.

We have a more detailed look at how your gears work, which is well worth reading if you’re a new rider, but here’s a quick refresher to make the language below clear:

Smaller gear = easier gear (smaller chainrings, larger cassette cogs).

Larger gear = harder gear (larger chainrings, smaller cassette cogs).

However, to add to the confusion:

Upshift = more difficult gear

Downshift = simpler gear

Finally, moving ‘up the tape deck’ is a more ambiguous term.

When we use it on Bike Radar, we use the most literal meaning:

Moving up the cassette means moving from a smaller cog to a larger cog.

Going down the cassette means going from a larger cog to a smaller cog.

So, with that as clear as mud, here’s how you use your road shifters.

How to Choose the Best gear Combination?

How to change gears on a road bike

The best gear combination is a matter of individual preference. Don’t be afraid to experiment to find the most efficient and comfortable pedaling rate, or “cadence,” for you.

Shifting your front derailleur (left hand) produces large gear changes, whereas shifting your rear derailleur (right hand) produces smaller gear changes. With practice, you’ll explore that front shifting is useful for large changes on hills, while rear shifting is useful for fine-tuning your gearing until you’re pedaling comfortably.

Most riders find that a cadence of around 90 pedal rotations per minute is the most efficient and comfortable. A slower repetition can feel difficult, while a faster cadence can feel like you’re pedaling furiously but obtaining nowhere. If you want to measure your cadence, many cycling computers or apps have sensors that can do so. Using a sensor to measure your repetition can help you figure out when it’s time to shift gears.

Pro tip: lightly pedal while shifting!

It would help if you continued pedaling to shift, but shifting works best (and is smoothest) when you pedal lightly. When you apply a lot of pressure to the pedals while shifting, the gear change becomes unwieldy and abrupt. This is especially important on hills, so if you see a hill approaching, shift to a lower gear before beginning to climb! And, if you need to shift into lower gears as you climb, try to reduce the pressure you apply to your pedals.

If you need more assistance or advice on transferring, visit your nearest Trek retailer. There are always friendly people who enjoy assisting you in getting the most out of your bike.

To shift, you must pedal

The most important thing to remember when moving a road bike is that you must turn the brakes with your legs while also moving the shift lever. As you change gears, the chain climbs onto and drops off the various sprockets on your bike due to your pedaling. If you don’t turn the pedals, you can try moving with the levers, but the chain won’t move unless you do so.

On Pedal Pressure, it’s Simple

If you shift while riding by hand, you’ll notice that the chain has to move sideways and climb up and down the distinct shafts. The chain must flex sideways for this to happen smoothly. Make every shift with as little pressure on the pedals to ensure that it can.

Yes, it would help if you pedaled to change gears. But all that is required is that the pedals be turned. Your bike will usually shift when you pedal hard, but it will make some terrifying grinding and crunching noises. It may not always shift into the desired gear, and you may become stuck in too high a gear, forcing you to get off and walk. For these reasons, it’s best to keep your foot lightly on the pedals when shifting.

Be Prepared for Changes

To shift smoothly with light pedal pressure, experienced roadies keep an eye on the road ahead and the duration of their shifts so that hard pedaling is not required. An expert riding technique is to take a couple of hard brake strokes to get the bike moving fast enough so that you can soft pedal a couple of uprisings and make the necessary shift with light pedal stress, for instance, on a sudden steepening hill that catches you off guard.

Using the Trim Function

Some road bikes will include a front chain tensioner with a “trim” feature. The trim feature allows you to make minor adjustments to the front derailleur that will eliminate chain rub but will not result in a full shift into another chain ring. This feature comes in handy as we approach the previously mentioned “cross chaining” positions.

So, if you’re in the largest chain ring and start shifting into the larger cogs on the cassette with your right hand, you might hear a grinding noise, which means your chain is rubbing against the front derailleur. To accommodate this chain position, click the small lever with your left hand once to move the front derailleur slightly.

Similarly, if you’re in the smallest chainring and start shifting into smaller cogs on the cassette and hear a grinding noise, you can move the derailleur slightly by clicking once with your left hand on the larger lever.

How to use Shimano road bike shifters

Shimano Total Integration (STI) shifters employ a split-lever design to change gears.A tiny lever just behind the brake pedal moves the chain to a smaller cog, while the entire brake lever can be pushed to the side to move the chain to a larger cog.

The right-hand shifter controls rear shifting: To shift down the cassette into a relatively small cog (a bigger/harder gear), push the inner, relatively small paddle inboard (sweeping from right to left). Push the brake lever centerboard to shift the cassette into a larger (easier/smaller) gear (the small shift paddle will come with it).

The shifter on the left controls front shifting: Push the smaller inner paddle inboard (from left to right) to drop down into the smaller (smaller/easier) chainring.Push the brake lever inboard to shift into a larger (larger/harder) chainring (the small shift paddle will come with it).

Shimano shifters also have a trim purpose on the front (left) lever. Shifting the inboard lever with a relatively small throw (roughly half the amount of a normal shift) moves the cage of the front gear reduction inboard, preventing the chain from rubbing in certain gears.

Shimano Di2 (electronic) gears work similarly, but the electrical innards of the shifting mechanism are replaced with tiny buttons. On the other hand, these can be re-programmed to suit your desires and needs.

Grip movers

Grip shifters are associated with this approach to thumb shifters, but instead of a pedal system, they require you to grip them and twist your hand toward or away from you to shift gears.

Grip shifters were once common on road bikes but are now more commonly seen on the best kids’ bikes. On the other hand, SRAM continues to manufacture grip shifters for its mechanical mountain bike groupsets.

The left-hand and right-hand grip shifters, like thumb shifters, are used differently to change up or down:

Right side: The grip shifter on the right side of your handlebar changes the cassette sprocket.

To move up the cassette into an easier gear, you twist it towards you.The grip shifter on your handlebar’s left side operates the front derailleur and moves the chain between the front chainrings. You twist the grip towards you to change to a larger chainring and a harder gear. To change to a smaller chainring and easier gear, you twist the grip away from you.

Best Recovery Ride Gear

You will require simple equipment if you intend to ride slowly or recover.Use the small chainring at the front and the larger cog at the back to avoid the temptation to push too hard. Despite moving slower, your legs will feel less stiff, and your heart will work less.

Mountain Bike Accessories

You’ll have a few more options if you ride a mountain bike on flat roads.However, the fundamentals remain the same. It would be advantageous if you chose gears with the highest speed and lowest RPMs. Because mountain bike rides are frequently uphill, the gears are more ‘easy’ and less complicated.

FAQs(Frequently Asked Questions)

How to Use Campagnolo Shifters on a Road Bike?

A shift lever behind the brake lever shifts into a larger cog/chainring on both the front and rear, while a thumb-operated paddle on the inside of the hood shifts into a smaller cog/chainring.

How to Use Down Tube Shifters and Bar-End Shifters?

Bar-end shifters attach to the end of the handlebars and provide a lever for shifting gears. These are similar to thumb shifters and come in both indexed and friction shifter varieties.

These have recently appeared, offering a simple way to combine a hub gear with drop-bar brake levers.Down-tube shifters function similarly to up-tube shifters, but they are located on the bike’s down tube.

Why Do I Have to Change Gears?

Gears allow you to pedal with peak effectiveness no matter where you are. Are you approaching a hill? Downshift so that your legs turn faster than the rear wheel, resulting in lower speed but greater torque.


Practice, practice, practice, as with anything. Shifting gears on a bike can be difficult at first, but it will become easier with practice. Soon enough, you’ll figure out how to shift well enough to maximise your speed while conserving energy. The world is then yours to explore.

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Road Bikes Saddle Bags – Get Yours Now! 

Are you looking for the best road bike saddle bag? If yes, then you’re in the right place. There is a

massive demand for the best road bike saddle bags available. So, here we’re with a list of the best road bike saddle bags for you. You’ll learn about the best road bike saddlebags, and I have also written a detailed review of the Best Saddle Bag of 2022 to choose the best one.

With all the different saddle choices, you’ll want to ensure you’re picking the right type for your bike. Saddle bags are designed to carry everything you need while riding. The best ones should be made out of waterproof material so that you can protect them from rain and other weather conditions. It should also be easy to carry since you must hold onto it in the most dangerous times. So we have made a list of the Top 5 Best Road Bike Saddle Bags.


1. BV Bicycle Strap-On Bike Saddle Bag

2. BV Bicycle Y-Series Strap-On Bike Saddle Bag 

3. LEZYNE Road Caddy Bicycle Seat Bag

4. Topeak Aero Wedge Velcro Pack

5. JXFUKAL Rear Bike Rack Bag with Rain Cover


How to pick the best road bike saddle bag?

Enough Storage Capacity

The first thing you should consider is the size of the saddle bag. If you are going to be riding a long distance, you should get one that has a big enough capacity to store spare tubes, tire pumps, tire removal tools, powder, and assorted medical stuff. The best ones should have an excellent design and a comfortable, ergonomic strap.

Product Warranty

It means that the manufacturer guarantees the product for a particular time. Make sure you check out the warranty to avoid any inconvenience.


You should also look at the features of the saddle bag. You want to ensure that the saddle bag you are looking for has the qualities you need.


Road bike saddle bags are usually made of nylon. The best road bike saddle bags are made of durable material that can withstand the elements and protect your belongings from getting damaged. This material is light, strong, and durable and can hold stuff. Also, make sure that the bag has a shoulder strap. You can use the belt to carry your bag.


A road bike saddle bag should be very affordable. Because you will not be buying it every day, you want something that is easy to buy and affordable. You should make sure that you are getting a saddle bag that is within your budget.


The material is the most important thing to look for in a saddle bag. The best ones should be made out of waterproof material so that you can protect them from rain and other weather conditions. It should also be easy to carry since you must hold onto it in the most dangerous times.

Reviews about Best Road Bike Saddle Bag: The Top 5 Best Road Bike Saddle Bags

It is a great idea to do your research before buying a product. You should be able to find reviews online that will help you decide which products to buy.

Pick the right saddle bag for your needs, and keep your stuff safe and secure!

1. BV Bicycle Strap-On Bike Saddle Bag



The BV Bicycle Strap-On Bike Saddle Bag is the perfect solution for your daily commute, long rides, and weekend adventures. Whether you’re riding on a bicycle, motorcycle, ATV, scooter, or dirt bike, this handy cycling bag will provide the ultimate protection for your gear. Whether carrying your laptop, phone, or camera, you’ll appreciate having a spacious, padded pocket to store your valuables. It is the Best Saddle Bag for Road Bikes.

BV Bicycle Strap-On Saddle / Seat Bag (Small, Medium, Large)

 SIZE Dimensions(LxWxH) Capacity Weight
 Small(Doesn’t Expand) 5.5 x 3.3 x 3 0.4 L 3 oz
 Medium(Expandable in Height) 6.5 x 3.5 x 4(6 when expanded) 0.9 L 3.8 oz
 Large(Expandable in Height) 7.5 x 4.3 x 4.5(6.5 when expanded) 1.2 L4.8 oz

they’re constantly improving and evolving for  customer’s needs. BV guarantees your satisfaction with every product they sell.


Easy to Access

This bag has an enormous zippered opening design for your convenience while riding your motorcycle; an excellent place for your cell phone, wallet, tire tools, mini pump, bike lock, and other items. It is also possible to expand it for storage space.

Simple Installation

The front and back of the saddle bag are secured together with hook and loop fasteners. Open the flap, unzip, and slide the front panel into the main compartment. Then, zip closed, and you’re done. It is so easy to install. It will save your time and effort.

Using a strap-on attachment, the bag fits securely under your bike seat and to your seat post. Its adjustable Velcro strap design lets you easily attach or detach the bag to your bike.

Fit & Secured in the Place:

The bag can fit anywhere you want. The bag is attached to the bike seat post and the saddle. It’s very secure. This saddle bag for a road bike is equipped with a strap-on design, allowing the saddle bag to fit and be secured in most bicycle seats.

Expands for More Capacity:

The saddle bag is expandable. You can easily add more storage space and attach it to other places. It means that it can hold more things than the saddlebags usually used. Only for Medium & Large sizes!

Taillight Hanger:

There is a rear taillight on this saddle bag for a road bike. So, if you are looking for a saddle bag that has a taillight hanger, this is the best one for you.


+ Keeps your stuff organized when you are cycling

+ A high-quality, expandable bag

+ Well constructed and fully functional

+  Tucks in nicely behind the saddle


– It is Good quality but too big for an XS frame bike. The bag will hit the wheel.


A high quality, expandable bag. It can hold my driver’s license, keys, about 4-5 snacks, mask, Kleenex, and smartphone when it is fully expanded. My bike is black and the reflective strips along the side of the bag help it stand out. Stays put on single track, although the content inside can rattle. I’ll be buying another for my commuter bike.

2. BV Bicycle Y-Series Strap-On Bike Saddle Bag 



The BV Bicycle Y-Series Strap-On Bike Saddle Bag is the Best Bike Saddle Bag. The Bike saddle bag or seat pack bag is an essential piece of equipment for cyclists, hikers, bikers, motorcyclists, and other outdoor enthusiasts. The saddle bag is designed for comfortable storage and easy access to your items. It is lightweight, easy to use, can be worn anywhere, and fits most types of bicycles.

BV® Y-Series Bicycle Strap-On Saddle / Seat Bag(Extra Small, Small, Medium, Large)

 SIZE Dimensions Capacity Weight
 X Small 5.5 x 2.8x 3.0 0.3 L 2.8 oz
 Small 7.0 x 3.5 x 3.5 0.4 L 3 oz
 Medium 7.5 x 4.0 x 4.0 0.9 L 3.8 oz
 Large 8.0 x 4.2 x 4.0 1.2 L4.8 oz

BV® continues to improve and evolve for our customers’ needs. We strive for 100% satisfaction with our products.

If you own a BV® Y-Series Saddle Bag, we warrant it for a period of One Year and 30 days money-back guarantee.


Great Quality Guarantee:

They offer a 30-day money-back guarantee and 1-year free replacement warranty on all BV® Bicycle products. If unsatisfied, simply return the unused product within 30 days for a full refund.

Room for all Essentials:

These bags are designed to hold all your biking essentials with room for water bottles, food, tools, maps, gloves, and more.

Taillight Compatible

If you want to ensure nighttime riding safety, you need a taillight hanger on the back of your bike.

Note: Taillight is not included.

BV® Y-Series Bike Bag is a very well-known product in the market.


+ This is perfect for someone who has a mountain bike with a dropper post and needs something compact

+ Easy to put on the bike

+ Good storage capacity

+ The quality of the product is marvelous, and it seems thick and durable and not cheaply made at all


– The straps for this bag are too long and won’t fit snugly to the bottom of the seat.


I tried another model but it was small. This one is perfect. It fits: my phone, wallet, hex tool, car keys and a nutrition bar with some room to spare. – without looking clunky. The material is very good quality and it takes 30 seconds to install. They got it right.

3. LEZYNE Road Caddy Bicycle Seat Bag

Road Caddy Bicycle Seat Bag


The LEZYNE Road Caddy Bike Bag is stylish for storing small items like sunglasses, cell phones, and Lightweight Saddle Bag. Made from durable nylon with a water-resistant liner. It features multiple pockets for everything you need while riding. This backpack makes riding your bike so much easier, as it can carry your belongings. There is a convenient handle at the bottom of the bag, which makes it easy to transport. Two reflective strips ensure good visibility.


Reflective Logos:

Several cycling retailers carry reflective logos on the tops of their bags. It increases the visibility of a cyclist at night. It means that other drivers will be able to spot you more easily.


It is a crucial component of a bicycle seat bag. If the bag becomes wet, it could ruin all the contents. If you want a water-resistant bag, you should buy one to withstand the weather.

Rugged TPU construction

Rugged TPU construction ensures that the material used is strong enough to survive harsh conditions. It is also a good choice if you don’t want to spend much on a bag.

Clean Aesthetics

It is a good option for those who want a stylish saddle bag. You can keep it clean with the proper care. The bag should wash the bag with warm water, and you should allow it to dry naturally.


+ This bag is super compact, well made

+ Stays put due to a robust velcro strap

+ The construction looks solid with a beefy velcro strap for attaching to the seat rails

+ durable canvas exterior


– the strap is a bit short


 I was already a fan of the LEZYNE brand after purchasing products like a floor pump and a tool kit. Also, I had a really good experience with their support people when I needed a part. This bag is super compact, well made, and stays put due to a very strong velcro strap. The inside is cleverly divided so I am able to fit a multi-tool, 2 CO2 cartridges and valve, and 2 heavy duty levers. I was so happy with the one I bought for my road bike, I got one for my gravel bike, as well.

4. Topeak Aero Wedge Velcro Pack

 Aero Wedge Velcro Pack


This Topeak bag is designed to store your tools and accessories without taking up valuable room. The Topeak Aero Wedge Pack is a handy gear-toting solution that clips instantly to the back of your bicycle’s saddle and seat post. This pack is secured by a Velcro strap mount and buckle, made from rigid, weatherproof 600-denier Cordura material with DuPont Teflon coating for long-lasting durability and weather resistance, and a Waterproof Saddle Bag. This Expandable Saddle Bag has plenty of room for your essential road gear, and a 3M reflective strip and rear light attachment provide safety-minded touches.


Gear-Toting Solution

The Pack Bike is the perfect solution if you’re a regular cyclist who regularly carries a small amount of gear.

Weather Resistance

Weather resistance is one of the essential features of a bike bag. It should be able to withstand rain and snow. The pack should be made of rugged material and be highly resistant to the elements.


The medium and large sizes expand to add up to 20-30% more. If you use this bag a lot, you can extend the space to fit more items. This feature is handy.

Reflective Strip

This 3M reflective bike strip adds safety to night rides. While riding on the road at night makes it easier for others to see you.


+  It is easy to remove

+ Perfect size

+ Two lovely elastic rings under the wedge for additional storage

+ Zipper appears strong


– Doesn’t come in pretty colors


This bag is a size large. Photos show bag size as it is before you open the zipper to make it larger. I go on long rides (50-100 miles) and this really holds a lot. I have a travel pump, CO2 cartridges, patch kit, tools, tubes and still have room for more. It is easy to remove as well, so I can easily change it over to my other bike. Sturdy with a strong zipper. Highly recommend.

5. JXFUKAL Rear Bike Rack Bag with Rain Cover

 Rear Bike Rack Bag with Rain Cover


If you like riding your bike, you must keep the rain out. Now you don’t have to worry about it anymore because this rear bicycle rack bag will do the job. This JXFUKAL rear bicycle rack bag will keep your bike safe and dry for years. A practical bag that keeps rain and snow out and your bike clean.

JXFUKAL Rear Bike Rack Bag with Rain Cover is a Versatile Saddle Bag for Road Bikes and commuting on the move, featuring a waterproof zipped front flap with reflective details to keep you safe in bad weather and an adjustable cord for adjusting the height of your bag. It can accommodate most adult-sized bicycles, including Ebikes, and is designed with a rain cover for extra protection.


Water Resistance & Sturdy

This saddle bag is practical and fashionable, made of PU leather & polyester. It is water-repellent and easy to clean. It has a rain cover that helps protect the trunk and everything in it from dust, sand, rain, and snow.

7L Capacity

It’s a nice bike carrier bag. It contains a main compartment, an extra top zippered pocket, and an adjustable elastic cord, holding your riding essentials together. This bag is the perfect travel that’s not only compact but has a capacity of up to 7l, so it’s big enough to carry around the essentials.

12-Month Warranty

This bag is small and lightweight and will be a good partner for any occasion, including picnics, backpacking, commuting, or hiking. If you’ve got any problem with it, don’t hesitate to contact us.

Easy to Install

This saddle bag is easily attached to the rear bike/e-bike rack with 2 velcro straps. The interior is equipped with thick, soft PE foam for better protection of the gears in the bag. When you don’t use it, it might collapse flat.


+ Great value for the price, nicely made with good quality

+ Zippers and material are well built

+ his bag has straps that are heavy duty

+ Lightweight and appears to be a decent construction


– Its only drawback is that its collapses unless being stuffed with items.


I purchased a small rear rack and this bag for my bike before going to Yosemite. It looked a bit small when it arrived but turned out to be perfect for my needs. It held my lock, tools, water bottles, maps, flashlight, and knickknacks. The rain cover was a big plus because it rained for a few hours. Everything was dry. Loved it because it gave me the freedom to bring everything I needed in one convenient space instead of stuffing it all in my backpack. Also, well constructed. Highly recommended.


The road bike saddle bag is an excellent tool for carrying your belongings on your bicycle. It’s a great way to carry your daily essentials, such as your phone, wallet, keys, sunglasses, snacks, water bottle, and more. You can use it to protect your belongings when you ride.

There is no single best product in the market. It depends on your needs and requirements. But, you can find a good product that will fulfill all your requirements.

Get yours now before they’re all gone!


What is the best road bike saddle bag?

I think the best road bike saddle bag is the BV Bicycle Strap-On Bike Saddle Bag. It is a very durable, well-constructed, and fully functional saddle bag.

What is a road bike saddle bag?

A road bike saddle bag is a bag you can attach to the seat post of your bicycle. The bags are usually made of leather and have a strap that goes over the top of the seat post.

How do I clean my bag?

You should clean your bag with a damp cloth. You can also use a dry towel to wipe it down.

What should be in a saddle bag?

You can put the following things in your saddle bag:

A water bottle

Some spare tubes

Spare inner tubes


Some snacks

Is the saddle bag secure?

The best bike saddle bags are ones that are designed to be secure. They should be able to fit all your stuff securely and also be easy to carry around.

What are the essential things to consider before buying a road bike saddle bag?

You should think about how much price, material, features, and weight. If you’re carrying much weight, you’ll need to make sure that the bag is strong enough to handle the load.

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